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Jove Jim S. Aguas, PhD

University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines


This paper will be guided by the following questions:

    1. What drives man to be violent? Is man by nature violent, or is he just a product and a victim of this culture? What are the causes and roots of violence and hatred among men?
    2. How should we understand the human person and human dignity?
    3. Since violence is an attack not just against society and communities, but more significantly an aggression against and violation of human dignity, how can we then promote a culture of love and peace, a culture that respects human dignity?



  1. Introduction
  2. The Culture of Violence
  1. Nature of Violence
  2. Causes and Sources of Violence
  1. Human Person and Human Dignity
  1. The Human Person as a Subject
  2. Human Person as Other
  3. Human Dignity
  4. Rights and Responsibilities
  1. Promoting a Culture of Peace
  1. Change in Human Attitudes
  2. Moral Revolution
  3. Social Action
  4. Global Solidarity

V. Conclusion: world peace a global challenge




Causes and Sources of Violence

1. Scientific Perspective: Human Nature as Aggressive

- biological-instinctual hypothesis

- frustration-aggression hypothesis

- behaviorist theory

- social learning theory

2. Sociological Perspective: Some Ideologies Promote Violence

- Darwinism.

- Subjective egoism

3. Political Perspective: Some Political Theories Justify Violence

- Machiavellianism

- Marxism

- Totalitarianism and communism

4. Religious Perspective: Violence in the Name of Religion

5. Social and Moral Perspective: Degradation of Social and Moral Life



Promoting a Culture of Peace

1. Change in Human Attitudes

- Love and Respect

- Understanding and Sensitivity

- Genuine Concern and Dialogue

  1. Moral Revolution
  2. - Renewed Ethic of Justice and Caring

    - Promotion of Personal Responsibility

    - Strengthening of Fundamental Moral Values

    - Formation of Ethical Character

  3. Social Action
  4. - Participation in Community and the Common Good

    - Inter-religious Dialogues

    - Conflict Resolution

    - Social Development

  5. Global Solidarity

- economic equality and cooperation

- nuclear disarmament

- crime prevention

- protection of rights

- promotion of welfare

This is an outline of a paper which was read during the Conference of the Asian Association of Catholic Philosophers from August 21-23, 2002, held at Kazusa Akademia Hall, Okura Akademia Park Hotel, Kisarazu-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan.

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Some articles are too long, so what is posted here are just the outline of the articles. For complete text, please click the link below.

The unexamined life is not worth living.
                                         - Socrates